Banyak sekali pengemudi mobil yang telah melengkapi mobil Toyotanya dengan lampu HID agar lebih terang maupun enak dipandang mata karena sorot cahayanya yang berwarna putih. Dan masih banyak juga yang masih binggung ataupun bimbang di dalam memilih HID yang tepat untuk mobilnya. Kali ini, kita akan membahas lebih dalam tentang bohlam HID beserta kelebihan dan kekurangan lampu HID itu sendiri agar tidak terjebak maupun ragu-ragu ketika memutuskan untuk menggunakan bohlam HID sebagai pilihan utama untuk penyinaran mobilnya.

Pengertian Lampu HID

HID sendiri telah memiliki kepanjangan, yaitu High Intensity Discharge atau yang lebih dikenal dengan lampu Xenon yang mampu untuk menghasilkan cahaya dengan tingkat intensitas yang tinggi alias lebih terang. Untuk tingkat keterangan warna dari lampu HID ditentukan oleh satuan derajat Kelvin (K) dan untuk menyalakan lampu HID diperlukan ballast, yang juga merupakan alat untuk menyediakan dan mengendalikan voltase lampu termasuk juga untuk dapat menstabilkan aliran listrik pada mobil.

Saat ini, sudah sangat banyak sekali lampu HID dengan berbagai merk atau tipe dengan kualitas yang berbeda-beda, produksi dan tentu saja berbeda harga. Karena banyak merk dan kualitas serta janji-janji yang telah ditawarkan, kita juga harus jeli di dalam memilih lampu HID untuk diaplikasikan pada kendaraan kita.

Untuk jenis atau tipe lampu HID yang beredar dipasaran, umumnya telah terdiri dari lampu-lampu model H1,H3,H4,H7,H8,H11,HB3,HB4. Yang telah membedakan antara kode H tersebut adalah pada kedudukan bohlamnya di headlamp mobil kita, sedangkan untuk ballast dapat dikatakan sama semuanya bentuknya (Ingat, sama bentuk belum tentu sama kualitasnya) Model yang paling umum beredar di Indonesia adalah tipe H4 dimana antara lampu jauh dengan lampu dekat menjadi satu.

Warna Cahaya Lampu HID

Lampu HID telah memiliki beberapa tingkatan warna yang dihasilkan berdasarkan perbedaan Kelvin, dan berikut ini adalah daftar warna Lampu HID yang terdapat di pasaran :

    3.500 K mengeluarkan warna Kuning seperti bohlam lampu standart mobil

    4.300 K / 5.000 K mengeluarkan warna putih kekuning-kuning an

    6.000 K / 6.500 K mengeluarkan warna Putih

    8.000 K/ 8.500 K mengeluarkan warna Putih kebiru-biru an

    10.000 K mengeluarkan warna Biru agak keungu-ungu an

    12.700 K mengeluarkan warna Ungu

    15.000 K mengeluarkan warna Pink

Warna lampu HID mobil

Warna Lampu HID

Dari daftar warna di atas, kita juga dapat mengetahui bahwa semakin tinggi Kelvin maka akan mengalami gradasi warna menuju kebiru-biruan ataupun ungu. Hal yang paling penting untuk diingat adalah ketika pemasangan lampu HID selalu pastikan bahwa lampu yang terpasang adalah dengan ukuran 35 watt, jangan memasang yang 50 watt (tidak compatible) karena akan membuat mika head lamp menjadi cepat kuning akibat panas yang berlebihan.

Kelebihan dan Kelemahan lampu HID

Apabila membahas penggunaan lampu HID, maka kelebihan yang telah ditawarkan dari lampu ini (menurut saya) adalah gaya. Tentu sangat enak dilihat ketika melihat cahaya lampu putih yang keluar dari head lamp mobil TETAPI hal ini seringkali menyengsarakan saya sebagai pengemudi ketika di depan mobil yang menggunakan lampu HID.

Pilihan yang paling tepat di dalam menggunakan lampu HID adalah yang 4.300 K, dimana Toyota Fortuner, Alphard maupun mobil premium Toyota lainnya juga sudah menggunakan lampu HID sebagai standart bawaan mobil. Dan batas tolerir yang masih saya anggap menguntungkan adalah pemakaian lampu HID 5.000 / 5.300 K, dimana cahaya yang dikeluarkan masih putih kekuning-kuningan.

Kelemahan lampu HID juga sangat terlihat untuk lampu HID diatas 5.300 Kelvin tentu saja lampu HID yang dipasang lebih diperuntukan untuk mobil-mobil show off ataupun pameran karena cahaya lampu yang dihasilkan tidak dapat menembus hujan maupun kabut. Hal ini tentu saja telah menyusahkan pengemudi yang memiliki mobilitas tinggi di luar-luar daerah. Dari segi fungsional, lampu-lampu HID yang berada di atas 5.300 K seringkali membuat pengemudi mengeluhkan bahwa sorot cahaya lampunya sama sekali tidak membantu di tengah malam berkabut ataupun hujan sekalipun, dan hal ini juga sangat membahayakan kita sebagai pengendara mobil.

Pertanyaan yang paling sering diajukan kepada saya adalah, " Merk apa yang bagus untuk lampu HID ?"

Jujur, penilaian yang bisa saya berikan tentu saja, "ada harga tentu ada kualitas."Setelah mencoba-coba berbagai macam HID dan mencari fakta tentang lampu HID yang beredar di pasaran, ternyata hampir sebagian besar HID adalah produk China dengan embel-embel lisensi negara-negara maju seperti german, usa, dll.

Yang telah membedakan produk mahal dan murah adalah kualitas ballast dan kualitas bohlam lampu HID itu sendiri. Produk yang terlampau murah seringkali ballast cepat mengalami kerusakan sehingga lampu HID mati dalam waktu dekat, memang semua HID rata-rata telah memberikan garansi tetapi bila mengalami mati lampu di malam hari dan harus bolak balik untuk klaim pemasangan, bukankah itu merepotkan ? Kualitas bohlam juga mempengaruhi karena seringkali lampu HID berubah derajat Kelvin nya setelah pemakaian dalam beberapa bulan sehingga cahaya yang dikeluarkan oleh lampu HID menjadi tidak sama dengan pemasangan pertama kali.

Setelah membahas kelemahan dan kelebihan lampu HID, semoga teman-teman sekalian tidak merasa kebinggungan di dalam menentukan apakah perlu menggunakan HID atau tidak, dan lampu HID apa yang sebaiknya digunakan di mobil toyota kesayangannya. Sebenarnya pemasangan aksesoris pada mobil baru yang kita miliki menyebabkan beberapa kekurangan yang mungkin saja dapat berakibat fatal. (baca : kekurangan aksesoris mobil baru)

KELEBIHAN DAN KEKURANGAN LAMPU HID

GREENWICH, Conn. — Mago is in the bedroom. You can go in.

The big man lies on a hospital bed with his bare feet scraping its bottom rail. His head is propped on a scarlet pillow, the left temple dented, the right side paralyzed. His dark hair is kept just long enough to conceal the scars.

The occasional sounds he makes are understood only by his wife, but he still has that punctuating left hand. In slow motion, the fingers curl and close. A thumbs-up greeting.

Hello, Mago.

This is Magomed Abdusalamov, 34, also known as the Russian Tyson, also known as Mago. He is a former heavyweight boxer who scored four knockouts and 14 technical knockouts in his first 18 professional fights. He preferred to stand between rounds. Sitting conveyed weakness.

But Mago lost his 19th fight, his big chance, at the packed Theater at Madison Square Garden in November 2013. His 19th decision, and his last.

Now here he is, in a small bedroom in a working-class neighborhood in Greenwich, in a modest house his family rents cheap from a devoted friend. The air-pressure machine for his mattress hums like an expectant crowd.

 

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Mike Perez, left, and Magomed Abdusalamov during the fight in which Abdusalamov was injured. Credit Joe Camporeale/USA Today Sports, via Reuters

 

Today is like any other day, except for those days when he is hurried in crisis to the hospital. Every three hours during the night, his slight wife, Bakanay, 28, has risen to turn his 6-foot-3 body — 210 pounds of dead weight. It has to be done. Infections of the gaping bedsore above his tailbone have nearly killed him.

Then, with the help of a young caretaker, Baka has gotten two of their daughters off to elementary school and settled down the toddler. Yes, Mago and Baka are blessed with all girls, but they had also hoped for a son someday.

They feed Mago as they clean him; it’s easier that way. For breakfast, which comes with a side of crushed antiseizure pills, he likes oatmeal with a squirt of Hershey’s chocolate syrup. But even oatmeal must be puréed and fed to him by spoon.

He opens his mouth to indicate more, the way a baby does. But his paralysis has made everything a choking hazard. His water needs a stirring of powdered food thickener, and still he chokes — eh-eh-eh — as he tries to cough up what will not go down.

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Mago used to drink only water. No alcohol. Not even soda. A sip of juice would be as far as he dared. Now even water betrays him.

With the caretaker’s help, Baka uses a washcloth and soap to clean his body and shampoo his hair. How handsome still, she has thought. Sometimes, in the night, she leaves the bedroom to watch old videos, just to hear again his voice in the fullness of life. She cries, wipes her eyes and returns, feigning happiness. Mago must never see her sad.

 

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 Abdusalamov's hand being massaged. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

When Baka finishes, Mago is cleanshaven and fresh down to his trimmed and filed toenails. “I want him to look good,” she says.

Theirs was an arranged Muslim marriage in Makhachkala, in the Russian republic of Dagestan. He was 23, she was 18 and their future hinged on boxing. Sometimes they would shadowbox in love, her David to his Goliath. You are so strong, he would tell her.

His father once told him he could either be a bandit or an athlete, but if he chose banditry, “I will kill you.” This paternal advice, Mago later told The Ventura County Reporter, “made it a very easy decision for me.”

Mago won against mediocre competition, in Moscow and Hollywood, Fla., in Las Vegas and Johnstown, Pa. He was knocked down only once, and even then, it surprised more than hurt. He scored a technical knockout in the next round.

It all led up to this: the undercard at the Garden, Mike Perez vs. Magomed Abdusalamov, 10 rounds, on HBO. A win, he believed, would improve his chances of taking on the heavyweight champion Wladimir Klitschko, who sat in the crowd of 4,600 with his fiancée, the actress Hayden Panettiere, watching.

Wearing black-and-red trunks and a green mouth guard, Mago went to work. But in the first round, a hard forearm to his left cheek rocked him. At the bell, he returned to his corner, and this time, he sat down. “I think it’s broken,” he repeatedly said in Russian.

 

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Bakanay Abdusalamova, Abdusalamov's wife, and her injured husband and a masseur in the background. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

Maybe at that point, somebody — the referee, the ringside doctors, his handlers — should have stopped the fight, under a guiding principle: better one punch too early than one punch too late. But the bloody trade of blows continued into the seventh, eighth, ninth, a hand and orbital bone broken, his face transforming.

Meanwhile, in the family’s apartment in Miami, Baka forced herself to watch the broadcast. She could see it in his swollen eyes. Something was off.

After the final round, Perez raised his tattooed arms in victory, and Mago wandered off in a fog. He had taken 312 punches in about 40 minutes, for a purse of $40,000.

 

 

In the locker room, doctors sutured a cut above Mago’s left eye and tested his cognitive abilities. He did not do well. The ambulance that waits in expectation at every fight was not summoned by boxing officials.

Blood was pooling in Mago’s cranial cavity as he left the Garden. He vomited on the pavement while his handlers flagged a taxi to St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital. There, doctors induced a coma and removed part of his skull to drain fluids and ease the swelling.

Then came the stroke.

 

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A championship belt belonging to Abdusalamov and a card from one of his daughters. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

It is lunchtime now, and the aroma of puréed beef and potatoes lingers. So do the questions.

How will Mago and Baka pay the $2 million in medical bills they owe? What if their friend can no longer offer them this home? Will they win their lawsuits against the five ringside doctors, the referee, and a New York State boxing inspector? What about Mago’s future care?

Most of all: Is this it?

A napkin rests on Mago’s chest. As another spoonful of mush approaches, he opens his mouth, half-swallows, chokes, and coughs until it clears. Eh-eh-eh. Sometimes he turns bluish, but Baka never shows fear. Always happy for Mago.

Some days he is wheeled out for physical therapy or speech therapy. Today, two massage therapists come to knead his half-limp body like a pair of skilled corner men.

Soon, Mago will doze. Then his three daughters, ages 2, 6 and 9, will descend upon him to talk of their day. Not long ago, the oldest lugged his championship belt to school for a proud show-and-tell moment. Her classmates were amazed at the weight of it.

Then, tonight, there will be more puréed food and pulverized medication, more coughing, and more tender care from his wife, before sleep comes.

Goodbye, Mago.

He half-smiles, raises his one good hand, and forms a fist.

Meet Mago, Former Heavyweight

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